Voices | Q + A
After a Long Haul, Refugees Settle Into New Lives Far from Home
October 16, 2015
Syrians who fled from the year old rebellion against the rule of Bashar Al Assad in neighboring Syria sit in the home of a relative just across the border in Guvecci, Turkey on February 27, 2012. Turkey has seen a continued influx of refugees from the Syrian conflict and border towns like Guvecci have watched as their populations have more than doubled.
American photographer Amanda Rivkin has been photographing refugees as they transit from Syria to Europe. Recently, she posted several of these photos to the Open Society Instagram feed. Here, she talks about her experience documenting the refugees’ stories, and what she’s observed of their attempts to settle into new lives far from their original homes.
Why did you pursue this story?
I pursued the story of the recent exodus to Europe from Syria, Iraq, Afghanistan, and elsewhere for no reason other than it was there. I lived in Turkey for two years and never covered refugees as an issue per se, although refugees were everywhere in Istanbul at the time. Some were also my friends.
If there was a crack between two buildings, it was as if you could find three Syrian families living there. But I think there is so much of this biblical, dramatic imagery that we forget that Syria—emptying out before our eyes—used to be a middle-income nation with many middle-class people.
An outdoor cafe frequented by Syrians and others around the corner and down the street from the Otel Istanbul in Kilis, Turkey on April 4, 2013. At this moment, Kilis is crowded with Syrian refugees who have made temporary homes in available apartments, motel rooms, and wherever they can really.
You have followed the wave of refugees from Syria starting with the first Syrians entering Turkey back in 2012 to the influx of refugees now crossing into Serbia, Hungary, and elsewhere in Europe. Looking back, what stood out to you on this journey?
What the media shows tends to be very dramatic: the death of Aylan Kurdi, the arrivals on the Greek islands of Kos and Lesbos, the Macedonians and Hungarians firing teargas and rubber bullets, people trying to jump onto trains in Tovarnik, Croatia.
The fact is, being a refugee is a lot like being in a war. You spend so much time stuck in “hurry up and wait.” There’s the ceaseless boredom, the detachment, the being treated like a pariah because you happened to be from a war-torn country. For children especially, you can sense a lot of fear.
Doctor Maja Grubac examines a young Syrian girl complaining of a sore throat as nurse Ana Mitrovic, both of Serbia, looks on at the Refugee Aid Serbia distribution center two blocks from the central train and bus station where many Syrians and other refugees in transit through the West Balkans to attempt a new life in Europe, mainly in Germany, Sweden and Switzerland in Belgrade Serbia. Grubac said most people he saw suffered from blisters, diarrhea, and other ailments resulting from poor hygenic conditions and travel, mainly from walking, fatigue and dehydration.
The early morning crowds of refugees waiting to be registered so they can have the chance to apply for asylum appears very early each day nowadays in front of the office of Landesamt für Gesundheit und Soziales (LaGeSo), the State Office for Health and Social Services, in the Moabit district of Berlin earlier this week. Germany is expected to accept 850,000 asylum applicants this year.
The media tends to focus on the journey and rarely looks at what happens to refugees once they reach countries like Germany where they can secure asylum. For refugees who are starting a new life in Europe, what do their days look like? What is life like at a refugee house in Germany?
Every family and circumstance is different. It depends very much on when people arrived, at what point they are in the process of registration, securing housing, employment, and then eventually an independent life again.
I spoke with several people who worked in the Zirndorf refugee camp near Nuremberg, and many who I met were grateful to be in a more comfortable hotel or “pension style” hotel converted to refugee housing. Some were in two- or three-star hotels, others country inns. In a facility in central Nuremberg, there was one family per room, which can be quite cramped. In another center in the suburbs, there were no families that I met, just single men and women sharing rooms, cooking facilities, and toilets in what was more akin to a comfortable dormitory. For those at the earliest stages, some are sleeping in the park or gymnasiums, others in makeshift housing or in private homes.
In Germany, there is a lot of bureaucracy as far as how registration and state assistance accounting are handled. But luckily there is assistance. The state also offers German-language and -citizenship classes at various levels. There is the job center that helps people—both Germans and refugees—secure employment. Because of the vast number of people that have arrived in Germany, you could say there is a refugee economy that has sprung up in terms of supply, services, aid, and assistance, all of which requires staff, some of whom are refugees.
Helmy opens the curtains to air out the smell of stale cigarette smoke in his mother Inayat’s new room at a Gierso operated refugee dormitory in the outer ring of Berlin, Germany on September 24, 2015. The family are Palestinians from Yarmouk, Syria and originally Haifa.
Fawaz Al Abed from Al-Bukamal, Syria, rests in his room at a hostel converted to refugee housing in the Nuremberg suburb of Hersbruck, Germany on September 24, 2015. Al Abed has tried to apply for asylum in Germany and failed twice because he was fingerprinted by Bulgarian authorities, where he spent six months in prison after being caught entering the country illegally, and says that if he were allowed to stay in Germany, he would “be celebrating the same if I get married, but I don’t have any hope.”
Can you describe some of the reactions you’ve encountered from Europeans you’ve met along the way?
Reactions are really mixed, to be honest. I think a lot of people in Germany have no experience with the sort of social issues many of the refugees carry with them as a result of their experiences. German society as a whole is not completely comfortable discussing the uncomfortable. I think society is divided. Some are afraid, others are weary. Many want to be helpful but do not really know how, and only a few will take the time to learn.
Generally, younger people seem more indifferent to the fears many older people have. Many have met Muslims at school or while traveling and know they have nothing to do with the past year’s headlines about the Islamic State. They were born towards the end of the Cold War and are not as haunted by the memories and headlines of those who tried to escape the Eastern bloc.
I do think these events will change Europe, but I also think Europe needs to change to allow people to fulfill their ambitions and potential. There should be more opportunities for migrants and refugees to seek fulfilling forms of employment, not just the worst jobs no one else wants.
The foundation of integration cannot be in exclusion. It will be interesting to watch how European societies evolve as a result of these experiences.
Syrian refugees and others dance and sing and hoist up the Syrian flag at a “Refugees Welcome” picnic for refugees and asylum applicants arriving in large numbers in their country after having fled conflicts in the Middl East, Afghanistan and elsewhere at the Tempelhof Airport Park in Berlin, Germany on September 27, 2015. German Chancellor Angela Merkel has said the country is prepared to accept a historic 850,000 asylum applicants this year but has also sought to tighten its border control with Austria and other Schengen zone countries.